Weimar, a city that influenced Germany to become known as the “country of poets and thinkers”, carries with it a lot of history and is sure to delight you!
“Everything that makes the city famous has to do with poets, philosophers, and statesmen” – said Angela Jahn, spokesman for the Weimar Cultural Foundation.
German cultural splendor
Weimar was the fertile soil, where brilliant minds let their great works flourish. Among Friedrich Schiller, Johann Sebastian Bach, Franz Liszt, Carl Maria von Weber, and Friedrich Nietzsche, important names passed through here. Weimar’s cultural wealth is great, and it is not by chance that this small town, with about 62 thousand inhabitants, receives 4 million visitors.
The peak period of productions by its main writers Goethe, Schiller, Wieland, and Herder, was called Weimar Classicism, a period when Europe’s intellectual capital was located there.
This phrase was said by Goethe, certainly the central figure of Weimar. Among all the visitors that the city receives, about a third are keen to visit the National Museum Goethe, which among several houses, Casa Goethe, where Goethe lived and worked is highlighted, especially the table where the great writer worked.
“Where else can you find so many good things in one place?”Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
The republic was created with the intention of making the country try to recover from the damage of its defeat in the First World War. The assembly constituted of this rejoinder was in Weimar, hence the name Republic of Weimar, which would be the then-new system of government, quite different from the old German Empire, and which prevailed in Germany between the years 1919 and 1933.
Because it was very fragile, the government gave a great opening to the beginning of Nazism in the country, especially after the crisis of 1929, in the face of the population’s despair. In this situation, Marshal Hindenburg was re-elected president, with Hitler in second place, who soon took over as chancellor in 1933. In the midst of the crisis, the strength of the Nazi Party, led by Adolf Hitler, led to greater acceptance by the Jews as guilty of economic problems. The death of President Hindenburg in 1934 made Hitler the sole head of the state, the Führer, initiating the Third Reich.
The Weimar Palace
In the place where the palace is located today, in the 10th century there was already a medieval castle. The building we see today is the result of a series of fires and renovations. It was then that in 1789 Duke Carl August initiated a major reform, orchestrated by Goethe. The Classic style interior comes from this renovation, the highlights like the Gentz staircase and the ballroom with neoclassical architecture.
Of the rooms, the ones that deserve great prominence are those that honor Christoph Martin Wieland, Johann Gottfried Herder, Friedrich Schiller, and Johann Wolfgang Goethe. The building also houses the Palace Museum since 1923, which houses a vast and beautiful collection of arts, not only German.
A curious fact about Weimar is its onion market, a festival that takes place every year in early October. The festival attracts more than 350,000 visitors in its editions, where the “onion queen” is elected. Goethe is also present in this part of the city of Weimar, as he loved this vegetable, deepened his knowledge of the medicinal properties of the onion, and still used it as a decorative item. Curious, isn’t it?
Library Duchess Anna Amalia
With impressive architecture, the Duquesa Anna Amalia Library was founded in 1691, and to this day it is one of the most famous in Alemaha! The site preserves literary records from the IX to the XXI century and is also a research center on European cultural and literary history, especially from the 1800s. The library has more than one million books, and a beautiful rococo hall. very worth the visit, however the maximum number of visitors per day is 290 people, so it is important to book in advance.
One of the largest concentration camps
Unfortunately, the city did not live just from happy moments. In the region, Buchenwald was built, one of the largest concentration camps of the Second World War, about 65,000 men, women, and children died there. Today everything is open to the public, on-site there are also testimonies about the events in audios.
We offer tailor-made travels, with private guided tours of all these attractions. We will be happy to organize your trip. 🙂